Quantum Monte Carlo study of strongly correlated electrons: Cellular dynamical mean-field theory
|Titre||Quantum Monte Carlo study of strongly correlated electrons: Cellular dynamical mean-field theory|
|Type de publication||Journal Article|
|Auteurs||Kyung B, Kotliar G, Tremblay A-MS|
|Journal||Physical Review B|
|Année de publication||2006|
We study the Hubbard model using the cellular dynamical mean-field theory (CDMFT) with quantum Monte Carlo (QMC) simulations. We present the algorithmic details of CDMFT with the Hirsch-Fye QMC method for the solution of the self-consistently embedded quantum cluster problem. We use the one- and two-dimensional half filled Hubbard model to gauge the performance of CDMFT+QMC particularly for small clusters by comparing with the exact results and also with other quantum cluster methods. We calculate single-particle Green's functions and self-energies on small clusters to study their size dependence in one and two dimensions. It is shown that in one dimension, CDMFT with two sites in the cluster is already able to describe with high accuracy the evolution of the density as a function of the chemical potential and the compressibility divergence at the Mott transition, in good agreement with the exact Bethe ansatz result. With increasing U the result on small clusters rapidly approaches that of the infinite size cluster. Large scattering rate and a positive slope in the real part of the self-energy in one dimension suggest that the system is a non-Fermi liquid for all the parameters studied here. In two dimensions, at intermediate to strong coupling, even the smallest cluster (N-c=2x2) accounts for more than 95% of the correlation effect of the infinite-size cluster in the single particle spectrum, suggesting that some of the important problems in strongly correlated electron systems may be studied highly accurately with a reasonable computational effort. Finally, as an application that is sensitive to details of correlations, we show that CDMFT+QMC can describe spin-charge separated Luttinger liquid physics in one dimension. The spinon and holon branches appear only for sufficiently large system sizes.