Josephson junction-embedded transmission-line resonators: from Kerr medium to in-line transmon
|Titre||Josephson junction-embedded transmission-line resonators: from Kerr medium to in-line transmon|
|Type de publication||Unpublished|
|Auteurs||Bourassa J, Beaudoin F, Gambetta JM, Blais A|
We provide a general method to find the Hamiltonian of a linear circuit in the presence of a nonlinearity. Focussing on the case of a Josephson junction embedded in a transmission-line resonator, we solve for the normal modes of the system by taking into account exactly the effect of the quadratic (i.e. inductive) part of the Josephson potential. The nonlinearity is then found to lead to self and cross-Kerr effect, as well as beam-splitter type interactions between modes. By adjusting the parameters of the circuit, the Kerr coefficient K can be made to reach values that are weak (K < ąppa), strong (K > ąppa) or even very strong (K >> ąppa) with respect to the photon-loss rate ąppa. In the latter case, the resonator+junction circuit corresponds to an in-line version of the transmon. By replacing the single junction by a SQUID, the Kerr coefficient can be tuned in-situ, allowing for example the fast generation of Schrödinger cat states of microwave light. Finally, we explore the maximal strength of qubit-resonator coupling that can be reached in this setting.