Objective properties from subjective quantum states: Environment as a witness

TitreObjective properties from subjective quantum states: Environment as a witness
Type de publicationJournal Article
Nouvelles publications2004
AuteursOllivier, H, Poulin, D, Zurek, WH
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume93
Pagination220401
Mots clésDecoherence, Foundations, Quantum Theory
Résumé
We study the emergence of objective properties in open quantum systems. In our analysis, the environment is promoted from a passive role of reservoir selectively destroying quantum coherence, to an active role of amplifier selectively proliferating information about the system. We show that only preferred pointer states of the system can leave a redundant and therefore easily detectable imprint on the environment. Observers who–-as it is almost always the case–-discover the state of the system indirectly (by probing a fraction of its environment) will find out only about the corresponding pointer observable. Many observers can act in this fashion independently and without perturbing the system: they will agree about the state of the system. In this operational sense, em preferred pointer states exist objectively.
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