Interplay between d-wave superconductivity and a bond-density wave in the one-band Hubbard model

TitreInterplay between d-wave superconductivity and a bond-density wave in the one-band Hubbard model
Type de publicationJournal Article
Nouvelles publications2017
AuteursFaye, JPL, Sénéchal, D
JournalPhys. Rev. B
Volume95
Pagination115127
Résumé

It is now well established that superconducting cuprates support a charge-density-wave state in the so-called underdoped region of their phase diagram. We investigate the possibility of charge order in the square-lattice Hubbard model, both alone and in coexistence with d-wave superconductivity. The charge order has a period of 4 in one direction, is centered on bonds, and has a d form factor. We use the variational cluster approximation, an approach based on a rigorous variational principle that treats short-range correlations exactly, with two clusters of size 2 × 6 that together tile the infinite lattice and provide a nonbiased unit for a period-4 bond-density wave (BDW). We find that the BDW exists in a finite range of hole doping and increases in strength from U = 5 to U = 8. Its location and intensity depend strongly on the band dispersion. When probed simultaneously with d-wave superconductivity, the energy is sometimes lowered by the presence of both phases, depending on the interaction strength. Whenever they coexist, a pair-density wave (a modulation of superconducting pairing with the same period and form factor as the BDW) also exists.

URLhttp://journals.aps.org/prb/pdf/10.1103/PhysRevB.95.115127
DOI10.1103/PhysRevB.95.115127
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